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Executive Summary


1. Introduction


(1.1) Overview (1.2) Present performance of the proton source (1.3) Design criteria for the Proton Driver (1.4) Why do we need a new Booster?
2. Machine Layout and Performance (2.1) Overview (2.2 ) Siting (2.3) Major design parameters (2.4 ) Comparison with other high intensity proton machines (2.5) Operation modes
3. Beam Optics (3.1 ) Lattice design considerations (3.2) Lattice design (3.3) Lattice analysis (3.4) Magnet errors and corrections
4. Space Charge and Beam Stability (4.) Space charge and image effects (4.2)Coherent single bunch instabilities (4.3) Coupled bunch instabilities (4.4) Electron-proton instability
5. RF Systems (5.1) Introduction (5.2) Stage 1 (53 MHz) rf system (5.3) Stage 2 (7.5 MHz) rf system (5.4) R&D plans and proposals
6. Magnets (6.1) Introduction (6.2) Dipoles (6.3) Quadrupoles (6.4) Sextupoles (6.5) Trim magnets (6.6) Beam pipe induced field distortion (6.7) Research and development
7. Power Supplies (7.1) Introduction (7.2) Dipole and quadrupole power supply (7.3) Quadrupole tracking and correction power supply (7.4) Dipole horizontal correction power supply (7.5) Dipole vertical correction power supply (7.6) Sextupole power supply (7.7) Power distribution system (7.8) Required R&D
8. Vacuum (8.1) Design overview (8.2) System components (8.3) Magnet vacuum (8.4) Beam tubes (8.5) Vacuum performance (8.6) R&D efforts
9. Beam Loss and Collimation (9.1) Introduction (9.2) Deduction of tolerable beam loss (9.3) Goals and principles of collimation (9.4) Collimation system design analysis (9.5) Sensitivity analysis (9.6) Beam accident (9.7) Collimators (9.8) Conclusions
10. Radiation Shielding and Activation (10.1) Introduction (10.2) Regulatory requirements (10.3) Ground water activation (10.4) Radiation analysis methodology (10.5) Beam transport lines shielding (10.6) P10, P30 and P50 arc shielding (10.7) P20 long straight shielding (10.8) P40 and P60 long straight shielding
11. Injection (11.1) Introduction (11.2) Painting injection scheme (11.3) Stripping foil (11.4) Septum and kicker magnets parameters (11.5) Stripping foil design (11.6) Conclusions
12. Extraction and Abort (12.1) Introduction (12.2) Extraction system (12.3) Notcher system (12.4) Abort system
13. H- Source and Linac Improvements (13.1) Introduction (13.2) General description of Linac low energy improvements (13.3) Description of the ion source and LEBT (13.4) Description of the radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) structure (13.5) The double alpha phase space imaging system (MEBT) (13.6) Chopper (13.7) The new 10 MeV drift tube cavity (13.8) Linac controls and diagnostics (13.9) Retuning the Linac for brighter beam (13.10) Shielding considerations (13.11) Short range plans: The R&D program
14. Beam Transport Lines (14.1) Introduction (14.2) Injection transfer line (14.3) Extraction transfer line
15. Beam Instrumentation (15.1) Introduction (15.2) Beam properties and special requirements (15.3) 400 MeV injection line (15.4) Synchrotron (15.5) 16 GeV extraction line (15.6) Equipment protection system
16. Control System (16.1) Overall architecture of Fermilab controls (16.2) Data acquisition hardware (16.3) Linac controls (16.4) Controls for the 400 MeV transport line (16.5) Synchrotron controls (16.6) RF controls (16.7) Water system controls (16.8) Vacuum controls (16.9) Diagnostics interface (16.10) Commercial instrument interface (16.11) Software (16.12) Beam permits, beam inhibit, e-berm (16.13) R&D program
17. Civil Construction (17.1) Introduction (17.2) Overview of civil construction (17.3) Detailed facilities descriptions (17.4) Requirements and assessments (17.5) Estimated schedule for civil constructions (17.6) Cost estimate model
18. Environment, Safety and Health Considerations (18.1) Introduction (18.2) Overall view of procedure/regulatory matters (18.3) Environment, safety, and health considerations during construction (18.4) Environment, safety, and health considerations during operations (18.5) Summary (18.6) Needs for future efforts in ES&H
19. R&D Program (19.1) Introduction (19.2) Category A (19.3) Category B (19.4) Category C


December 2000


The Proton Driver Design Study

Edited by W. Chou, C. Ankenbrandt and E. Malamud

Russ Alber
Larry Allen
Terry Anderson
Chuck Ankenbrandt
Maurice Ball
Dave Carey
Mark Champion
Weiren Chou
Mike Church
Don Cossairt
Jim Crisp
Sasha Drozhdin
Vadim Dudnikov
Matt Ferguson
Jim Griffin
Dave Harding
Steve Holmes
Chez Jach
Rol Johnson (IIT)
Carol Johnstone
John Johnstone
Kiyomi Koba
Ioanis Kourbanis
Oleg Krivosheev
Jim Lackey
Sharon Lackey
Tom Lackowski
Jerry Leibfritz
Jim MacLachlan
Ernie Malamud
Evan Malone
Fred Mills
Nikolai Mokhov
Al Moretti
Bill Ng
Sho Ohnuma (Univ. of  Hawaii)
Francois Ostiguy
Milorad Popovic
Chris Prior (RAL/England)
John Reid
Dave Ritson (Stanford Univ.)
Al Russell
Zubao Qian
Chuck Schmidt
Mike Shea
Jeff Sims
Jim Steimel
Ding Sun
Victor Terekhov (IHEP/Russia)
Ray Tomlin
Kamran Vaziri
Rod Walton
Bob Webber
Dave Wildman
Dan Wolff
Don Young
Bruno Zotter (CERN)

Appendix A. Cost Estimate (A.1)  Introduction (A.2) Two-stage cost estimate
Appendix B. Cost and Performance as a Function of Energy (B.1) Introduction (B.2) Important parameters (B.3) First study: Cost as a function of Tmax (B.4) Second study: Comparison of operating costs (B.5) Third study: Costs as a function of Bmax
Appendix C. Upgrade to 4 Megawatts (Phase II) (C.1) Introduction (C.2) The muon collider requirements (C.3) Synchrotron design concepts for muon production (C.4) Meeting the needs of the rest of the program
Appendix D. Intensity Upgrade of the Main Injector (D.1) Main Injector modes of operation (D.2) Crossing transition in the Main Injector with high intensity bunches (D.3) Necessary upgrades in the Main Injector

Weiren Chou.   revised February 24, 2001. E.M.

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